Categories of Disabilities

Categories of Disabilities

Learning Disability

Refers to the heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilities.

Physical Disabilities

A physical disability is an acquired or congenital physical and/or motor impairment which limits facets of daily living and may require reasonable academic accommodations.

Deaf/Hard of Hearing

Refers to limitations in the process of hearing which impedes the educational process and necessitates the need for supportive services and/or programs. Students in this category may require captionists or sign language interpreters.

 

Visual Impairment

Refers to blindness or partial sight to the degree that it impedes the educational functioning and necessitates the need for supportive services and/or programs.

Psychological Disabilities

A psychological disorder is a persistent mental or emotional disorder, based on a diagnosis from the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV-TR or – V, which impedes educational functioning and necessitates the need for supportive services and/or programs.

Cognitive

Refers to but is not limited to problems such as confusion, distraction, concentration, language (aphasia), speech, sensory deficits (vision and hearing), and seizures. These problems impede the educational process and necessitate the need for supportive services and/or programs. Students in this category do not require interpreting services.

Functional Limitations

Any other dysfunction of a body part or process which necessitates the use of supportive services or programs, and does not fall within the categories listed above.