The U.S. government uses the term nonimmigrant to refer to foreign nationals who are admitted to the United States temporarily for a specific purpose. F-1 students are considered nonimmigrants because their sole purpose for coming to the United States is to complete a program of study at a Student and Exchange Visitor Program-certified school and any associated practical training, both of which have set start and end dates. Once an international student fulfills their purpose for coming to the United States, they need to either change their status or depart the country.
Non-Immigrant Visas are considered temporary visas with specific end dates depending on the visa type. Most non-immigration visas have a maximum allotted timeframe to be in that status.
Non-Immigrant Visa Information
The E-3 classification applies only to nationals of Australia. You must be coming to the United States solely to perform services in a specialty occupation. For more information, visit our E-3 Visa page.
H-1B visas are standard professional work visas. This non immigrant classification applies to people who wish to perform services in a specialty occupation, and or services of exceptional merit and ability. A minimum of a bachelor’s degree in the related field is required. For more information, visit our H-1B Visa page.
For more information visit https://www.uscis.gov/working-in-the-united-states/h-1b-specialty-occupations.
The J-1 Exchange Visitor visa category was created for the purpose of cultural and educational exchange. This visa category is used for exchange visitors engaged in research and teaching. This category is not appropriate for tenure track faculty. For more information, visit our J-1 Visa page.
For more information visit https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/us-visas/study/exchange.html.
The O-1 nonimmigrant visa is for the individual who possesses extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics, or who has a demonstrated record of extraordinary achievement in the motion picture or television industry and has been recognized nationally or internationally for those achievements. Extensive documentation is needed to demonstrate the required standards. For more information, visit our O-1 Visa page.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) created special economic and trade relationships for the United States, Canada and Mexico. The TN nonimmigrant classification permits qualified Canadian and Mexican citizens to seek temporary entry into the United States to engage in business activities at a professional level. For more information, visit our TN-1 Visa page.
For more information visit https://www.uscis.gov/working-in-the-united-states/temporary-workers/tn-nafta-professionals.