Course Offerings

BIOLOGY (BIOL)

Lower Division

100. Topics in Biology
Provides a broad understanding of biology, our molecular-organismic-ecological heritage and humankind's place within the biosphere. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. (GE=B2) (5 units)
200. Biology of the Cell
Provides basic understanding of the process of life and the universality of life processes at the molecular and cellular level. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. A strong background equivalent to one year each of high school biology and chemistry is highly recommended. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: satisfactory score on the Entry Level Mathematics examination. (5 units)
201. Biology of Organisms
Provides basic understanding of the functional attributes of organisms and their diversity. Includes examination of their comparative and evolutionary relationships. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 200 with a grade of "C" or better. (5 units)
202. Biology of Populations
Provides a basic understanding of the principles of genetics, evolution and ecology of organisms, populations, and communities. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 with a grade of "C" or better. (GE=B2) (5 units)
216. Genetics and Society
Technological advances in human genetics and their impact on society. Biological and ethical perspectives of the application of genetic research. Two hours lecture. (GE=B4) (2 units)
217. Biology of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
The pathogenesis, biology of the agent, treatment and diagnosis of the prominent sexually transmitted diseases. Impact of current biotechnology in relation to vaccine development, experimental treatments, and improved diagnostics and screening. Two hours lecture. (GE=B4) (2 units)
220. Principles of Microbiology
Morphology, physiology and classification of bacteria, fungi and viruses. Microbiology of air, soil and dairy products; rudiments of infection and immunity. Laboratory training in culture preparation, sterilization, inoculation and identification. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory Materials fee required. Students enrolling in this course for a third time may do so only with the consent of instructor. Prerequisite: one lower-division biology course. (BIOL 100 is strongly recommended.) (5 units)
223. Human Physiology and Anatomy I
Comprehensive study of human form and function including living chemistry, cells, tissues, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Students enrolling in this course for a third time may do so only with the consent of instructor. Prerequisite: BIOL 100. (5 units)
224. Human Physiology and Anatomy II
Continuation of BIOL 223 with coverage of special senses, digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, urinary, endocrine and reproductive systems. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Students enrolling in this course for a third time may do so only with the consent of instructor. Prerequisite: BIOL 223. (5 units)
251. Readings in Ecosystem Biology
Selected assigned readings in ecosystem biology. For students formally enrolled in the University Honors Program and in BIOL 349. One hour of discussion. Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 349. Must be completed within two quarters of having completed BIOL 349. (1 unit)
295. Special Projects in Biology
Individual investigation, research, study or survey of selected problems. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. (1-2 units)

Upper Division

300. Cell Physiology
Study of cell properties, organization and activities; consideration of structure-function relationships of cellular membranes, the cell surface and cytoskeletal elements; metabolism of cell growth, maturation, specialized function and reproduction. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL 200, 201 and 202 with grades of "C" or better; CHEM 215 and 216. (5 units)
301. Biology in the Classroom
A comprehensive survey of the design and function of living organisms, from the cellular through the ecosystem levels as these relate to instruction in the elementary and middle school classroom. Unifying concepts such as evolution, energetics and the chemical nature of life will be stressed throughout. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. This course does not satisfy any requirements for the B.A. or B.S. major in Biology. (4 units)
304. Biology of Cancer
A comprehensive survey of the biological principles underlying the causes and treatment of cancer. Topics include the genetics of cancer, factors affecting tumor growth, host defense against cancer cells, and modern therapeutic protocols. Four hours lecture. This course does not satisfy requirements for the B.A. and B.S. majors in biology. Prerequisite: BIOL 100. (4 units)
305. Biology of the Dinosauria
A survey of major groups of dinosaurs, their interrelationships, and biology. Examples from dinosaurs and their close relatives are used to highlight and explain important issues and topics in biology such as anatomy, evolution, biogeography, climate change, ecology, the use of the scientific literature, and popular interpretations of science. This course does not satisfy any requirements for the B.A. or B.S. in Biology. Four hours lecture. Prerequisite: one lower-division biology course. (4 units)
306. Human Heredity and Development
Introductory course in human development. Emphasis on the principles of heredity as they apply to normal human developmental sequences from fertilization to adolescence. Birth defects relating to heredity, and drug or other environmental factors will illustrate how developmental sequences can be modified before birth. This course does not satisfy any requirements for the B.A. or B.S. in Biology. Prerequisite: one lower-division biology course. (4 units)
314. Biology of Human Sexuality
Biological aspects of human anatomy, physiology and behavior as related to sexual reproduction including discussion of fertility, pregnancy, childbirth and birth control; consideration also given to homosexuality, sexually transmitted diseases, sexual intercourse and response. Four hours lecture. This course does not satisfy any requirements for the B.A. or B.S. in Biology. Prerequisite: one lower-division biology course. (4 units)
319. Local Flora
Identification of the flora and ecological communities of southern California with a consideration of taxonomic principles. Field collections, four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better or consent of instructor. (5 units)
320. Microorganisms
Study of microbial organisms: their cell structure and function, metabolism, genetics and ecology with an introduction to bacterial, viral, fungal, and protozoan pathogens. Four hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (6 units)
321. Evolution
Darwin, views of evolution and their implications in various disciplines. Four hours lecture. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (4 units)
323. Human Anatomy for Biology Majors
Comprehensive study of the human form in the broader context of vertebrate animals. Topics include the anatomy of early development and the following systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, excretory, reproductive, endocrine and special senses. Four hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (6 units)
324. Human Physiology for Biology Majors
Comprehensive study of the human function in the broader context of vertebrate animals. Topics include the physiology of the following systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, excretory, reproductive, and endocrine and special senses. Four hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (6 units)
331. Biology of Invertebrates
The evolution and ecology of invertebrate phyla with emphasis on major phylogenetic changes. Field collections, four hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (6 units)
335. Entomology
A study of the evolution, anatomy, classification and habits of insects and related arthropods. Field collections, four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (5 units)
340. Comparative Embryology
Descriptive survey of developmental patterns of tissue and organ formation to include studies of insects, echinoderms, and amphibian, avian, reptilian, marsupial plus placental mammalian vertebrate embryology. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. Biology 342 strongly recommended. (4 units)
342. Biology of the Chordates
Structural, developmental and ecological changes in the evolution of the chordate groups with an emphasis on comparative vertebrate anatomy. Four hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (6 units)
349. Biology of Ecosystems
Survey of the heredity and environmental factors that influence the survival and reproduction of the organisms that compose the dynamic ecosystems of planet Earth with a consideration of evolution and extinction. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. This course does not satisfy requirements for the B.A. or B.S. in Biology. Formerly BIOL 250. Prerequisite: one lower division course in biology. (5 units)
354. Biology of Higher Plants
Comparative morphology of ferns, fern allies and seed plants, with a consideration of their phylogenetic relationships. Four hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (6 units)
371. Parasitology
Study of the nature and principles of parasitism with a survey of various groups of animal parasites. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (5 units)
380. Medical and Economic Botany
Survey of medically and economically important plant species and families. Includes plants harmful and beneficial to humans, with emphasis on vascular species. Four hours lecture. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (4 units)
396. Directed Study
Reading and library research in an area of biology conducted under the direction of a faculty member in the Department of Biology. No more than two units may be applied toward a biology elective for graduation. Graded credit/no credit. Prerequisites: consent of instructor and departmental approval of a written proposal submitted on a standard application form filed in advance of the quarter in which the course is to be taken. (1-2 units)
400. Molecular Biology
A basic course in molecular biology with emphasis on informational macromolecules and how they direct molecular processes in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better and CHEM 223 or 323. (5 units)
423. Genetics
Principles of classical and modern genetics including an introduction to population genetics. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Formerly BIOL 421 and 422. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (5 units)
424. Comparative Animal Physiology
A comparative analysis of the physiological mechanisms and processes of animals with emphasis on trends of evolutionary specialization. Four hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (6 units)
431. Comparative Plant Physiology
Analysis of physiological activity at the various levels of cells, tissues, organs and organisms. Four hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better, and CHEM 223 or 323. (6 units)
440. Principles of Development
Comparative analysis of patterns and processes of development of organisms, with emphasis on the role of genetic and biochemical mechanisms. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better, and CHEM 223 or 323. (5 units)
450. Ecology
Analysis of the interrelationships of organisms and their physical and biotic environment with a consideration of the role of the environment in natural selection. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory/ field studies. Materials fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better; and MATH 120, 192 or 211; or consent of instructor. (5 units)
455. Marine Biology and Ecology
Examination of various marine ecosystems with an analysis of the interactions between organisms and their physical and biotic environments. Laboratory emphasizes southern Californian coastal communities. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory/field studies. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better or consent of instructor. (5 units)
490. Special Topics
Group study of a selected topic, the title to be specified in advance. May be repeated for credit as topics change. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better and consent of instructor.
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  4. (4 units)
491. Special Laboratory Topics
Group laboratory study of a selected topic, the title to be specified in advance. May be repeated for credit as topics change. Materials fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better and 15 units of upper-division biology course work.
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  2. (2 units)
  3. (3 units)
502. Genetic Engineering
Basic course on recombinant DNA technology, concentrating on major DNA manipulation methods, use of vectors, genetic probes, construction of libraries, transgenic animals, plant genetic engineering and ethical and safety considerations. Four hours lecture. Formerly BIOL 402. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better, BIOL 400, and CHEM 223 or 323. (4 units)
503. Plant Biology for Teachers
Examination of plant anatomy, morphology, physiology, ecology, and human use, as it applies to the Science Content Standards for California Public Schools. Not acceptable for meeting formal course requirements for the B.A., B.S., or M.S. in biology at CSUSB. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisites: one college-level biology course and graduate or postbaccalaureate standing, or consent of instructor. (4 units)
505. Biostatistics
Provides an understanding of the design of biological experiments and analysis of data. Topics will include experimental design and sampling protocols, techniques for displaying and describing data, probability, and hypothesis testing. Surveys statistical approaches to the analysis of proportions and frequencies, comparisons of means among numerical variables, regression, and correlation, as well as non-parametric approaches. (Formerly a topic under BIOL 490). Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better, MATH 192 or 211, and consent of instructor. (5 units)
513. Animal Tissue Culture
Introductory course in the theory and concepts of animal tissue culture including fundamentals of tissue culture techniques, sub-culturing and maintenance of cell lines. Strong emphasis on stem cell technology. Formerly offered as a topic under BIOL 490 and 491. Two hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL 300. (5 units)
514. Conservation Biology
Examination of factors influencing the loss of biological diversity including habitat loss and fragmentation, loss of genetic variation, and species extinction. The science of biological conservation necessarily overlaps with other disciplines including wildlife and resource management, law, economics, and ethics. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better, and BIOL 321 or 450. (4 units)
515. Global Change Biology
An examination of changing ecological and biogeochemical system interactions at selected times in the earth's history including, but not limited to, the modern era. Class exploration of causes and consequences of contemporary global change for biological systems including displaced populations, disrupted ecological interactions, and altered epidemiological patterns. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better, and an upper-division lab course in ecology (BIOL 349, 450, or 455) or consent of instructor. (4 units)
522. Population Genetics
Genetic and ecological mechanisms influencing the development, maintenance and evolution of populations. Four hours lecture. Prerequisites: BIOL 423 and MATH 192 or 211. (4 units)
524. Advanced Vertebrate Morphology
Advanced techniques in the study of vertebrates, including dissection and specimen preparation. Construction of animal skeletal materials, and detailed study and dissection of vertebrate organ systems will provide the basis for projects designed on an individual student basis. Two hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL 342, 424 and consent of instructor. (3 units)
528. Concepts of Molecular Genetics
Chemical nature of genes, their replication and mode of action at the molecular level. Transfer and expression of genetic information; interaction and hybridization of genes, molecular mutagens and molecular evolution. Four hours lecture. Formerly BIOL 428. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better, BIOL 400, 423, and CHEM 223 or 323. (4 units)
530. Scanning Electron Microscopy
Theory and techniques of scanning electron microscopy. Lectures on theory of operation of the scanning electron microscope and specimen preparation. Laboratory includes hands-on training in the use of the scanning electron microscope. Laboratory projects will teach technical aspects of specimen preparation and microscope use. Three hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. (Also offered as GEOL 530. Students may not receive credit for both.) Prerequisites: senior standing and consent of instructor. (5 units)
531. Transmission Electron Microscopy
Theory and techniques of transmission electron microscopy. Lectures on theory of operation of the transmission electron microscope and specimen preparation. Laboratory includes hands-on training in the use of the transmission electron microscope. Laboratory projects will teach technical aspects of specimen preparation and microscope use. Three hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. (Also offered as GEOL 531. Students may not receive credit for both.) Prerequisites: senior standing and consent of instructor. (5 units)
532. Techniques in Ultrastructure Analysis
Specialized techniques in ultrastructural analysis using either the scanning or transmission electron microscope. Topics will vary, but will include specialized techniques in specimen preparation, alternative image detectors, and image analysis. Theory of the analysis and training in the technical aspects will be covered. Three hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. (Also offered as GEOL 532. Students may not receive credit for both.) Prerequisites: BIOL 530 or 531, or GEOL 530 or 531 and consent of instructor. (5 units)
565. Physiological Ecology
Physiological, biochemical and molecular attributes of organisms and their interactions with the environment. Explanations for distribution, survival and reproduction. Four hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL 354 and 424; or 431 and 331 or 342; and 450. (6 units)
572. Virology
Examination of the structure, genetics and modes of replication of viruses, viroids and other related sub-cellular entities; their implications in medicine and agriculture, and their use in scientific research. Four hours lecture. Formerly BIOL 472. Prerequisite: BIOL 400, or BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better and consent of instructor. (4 units)
573. Immunology
Foundations of immunology and current advances in the study of the immunological response. Laboratory examination of immunological assays applied in both research and clinical diagnostics. Four hours lecture and three hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Formerly BIOL 476. Prerequisites: BIOL 400, or BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better and consent of instructor. (5 units)
575. Internship in Biology
Supervised work and study in work situations involving biological research and technical skills. May be repeated for a total of six units. Only two units may be applied towards the biology major requirements. Graded credit/no credit. Prerequisite: department approval in the quarter prior to registration.
  1. General (2 units)
  2. Pre-Health (2 units)
  3. Biotechnology (2 units)
  4. Wildlife Biology (2 units)
  5. Botany (2 units)
  6. Science Education (2 units)
  7. Museum Science (2 units)
576. Endocrinology
Endocrine systems with emphasis on mechanisms for regulating the biosynthesis, secretion, transport and actions of hormones. Four hours lecture. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (4 units)
580. Neurobiology
Study on a cellular level of how neurons function in terms of structure, physiology and pharmacology. Mechanisms of inter-cellular communication, perception of sensory information, and development and aging of the nervous system will be examined. Fours hours lecture. Formerly BIOL 480. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (4 units)
590. Senior Seminar
Survey of current literature, methods and ethics of scientific inquiry. May be repeated once as topics change. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better, and a minimum of 15 upper-division units in biology courses supportive of the topic area and senior standing.
  1. Molecular (2 units)
  2. Biosystematics (2 units)
  3. Cellular (2 units)
  4. Physiology (2 units)
  5. Ecology (2 units)
  6. Bioethics (2 units)
  7. Genetics (2 units)
  8. Evolution (2 units)
  9. Microbiology (2 units)
  10. Zoology (2 units)
  11. Botany (2 units)
  12. Integrative Approach to Biology (2 units)
  13. Conservation Biology (2 units)
591. Biology Seminar
Topics of current biological interest, presented by students, faculty, and guest speakers. May be taken once for credit toward the undergraduate major requirements in Biology. May be taken three times for credit toward elective units in the Master of Science program in Biology. Lecture only. Graded credit/no credit. Formerly BIOL 390. Prerequisite: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better. (1 unit)
592. Recombinant DNA Techniques
Techniques utilized in genetic engineering and biotechnology areas (mainly methods for isolating and analyzing genes, including bacterial isolation, DNA isolation and restriction analysis, transformation protocols and purification and manipulation of plasmid and chromosomal DNA techniques). A final research report will be required from the student. Two hours lecture and six hours laboratory. Materials fee required. Formerly BIOL 492. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 with a grade of "C" or better and BIOL 400. (4 units)
596. Independent Research
Laboratory and/or field research in selected areas in biology conducted under the direction of a faculty member. A total of six units in BIOL 596 may be applied toward graduation. Graded credit/no credit. Formerly BIOL 595. All students will be required to present research findings at least once per academic year at quarterly Biology Department colloquium until their projects are complete. All students will be required to attend the Biology Department colloquium each quarter until their projects are completed. Prerequisites: a minimum overall grade point average of 3.0, consent of instructor and department approval of a written proposal of a project submitted on a standard application filed in advance of the quarter in which the course is to be taken. Consent must be obtained no later than the advisement period preceding the quarter of enrollment. (1-6 units)
597. Directed Study in Science Education
Readings and library research on the pedagogical content knowledge of a specific area of biology This course should be taken concurrently with or shortly after taking an upper-division course in the relevant area of biology. Graded credit/no credit. May be repeated for credit. No more than two units may be applied toward degree requirements for the BA in Biology-Integrated Teaching Track; no more than two units may be applied toward biology elective requirements in other degree options. Prerequisites: consent of instructor and departmental approval of a written proposal submitted on a standard application form filed in advance of the quarter in which the course is to be taken. (1 unit)

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